State Capture

01-10-2011 02:25 AM - عدد القراءات : 21837
كتب by Transparency International
A situation where powerful individuals, institutions, companies or groups within or outside a country use corruption to shape a nation’s policies, legal environment and economy to benefit their own private interests. 70

fiogf49gjkf0d
Example in practice
 
Since the 1990s, multinational corporations have pressured and bribed key politicians in the Solomon Islands to create a favourable operating environment for logging and to weaken national-level timbermanagement, successfully gaining advantages such as decreasing export taxes, postponing thelogging export ban and preventing moves to strengthen government oversight of foreign-controlled
operations.71
 
Relevant links
—— Global Witness
 
—— World Bank: Development Outreach - State Capture: Who Represents the Poor?
 
—— World Bank: State Capture and Influence
 
70 Hellman and D. Kaufmann, ‘Confronting the Challenge of State Capture in Transition Economies’, Finance & Development, vol. 38, no. 3
(2001).
 
D. Kaufmann, F. Recanatini, S. Biletsky, ‘Assessing Governance: Diagnostic Tools and Applied Methods for CapacityBuilding and Action Learning’ (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2002).
 
United Nations Development Programme, Tackling Corruption, Transforming Lives: Accelerating Human Development in the Asia and the Pacific (New Delhi: Macmillan, 2008).
USAID, TATWEER Anti-Corruption Glossary http://www.tatweer-iraq.com/content/resources/detail/812.
 
71 Peter Dauvergne, ‘WeakStates and the Environment in Indonesia and the Solomon Islands’, Resource Management in Asia Pacific Working Paper No. 10. http://rspas.anu.edu.au/papers/rmap/Wpapers/rmap_wp10.pdf.