01-10-2011 12:00 AM - عدد القراءات : 21792
كتب elhossien mahmoud
Form of favouritism in which a person is selected, regardless of qualifications or entitlement, for a job or government benefit because of political affiliations or connections.52

Example in practice
In Kenya, harambee — voluntary contributions to community development projects — has become a tool for patronage used by politicians to garner votes, maintain the loyalty of their electorate, and solidify and shape political leadership at the local level.53
Relevant links
—— CMI: Autonomy, incentives and patronage: A Study of Corruption in the Tanzania and Uganda Revenue Authorities.
—— U4: What is Political Corruption?
52 USAID, TATWEER Anti-Corruption Glossary
D Brinkerhoff and A Goldsmith, ‘Clientelism, Patrimonialism and Democratic Governance: An Overview and Framework for Assessment and Programming’, Abt Associates prepared for USAID, 2002.
53 Anne Waiguru, ‘Corruption and Patronage Politics: The Case of ‘Harambee’ in Africa’.