Pacts

01-10-2011 01:55 AM - عدد القراءات : 20204
كتب by Transparency International
Voluntary agreement among different parties (i.e. businesses, government agencies, contract bidders) to formally commit to mutually-agreed ‘rules of the game’, including the refusal to engage in bribery and the promise to uphold human rights.51

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Example in practice
 
In Pakistan, an Integrity Pact on Public Procurement Procedures has been signed as part of the Greater Karachi Water Supply Scheme, representing a binding commitment by the local water authority and bidders to not engage in bribery or collude with other bidders, to disclose all payments, and to report any violations by signatories.
 
Relevant links
—— Transparency International: Integrity Pacts.
 
—— UN Anti-Corruption Toolkit: Integrity Pacts, Tool #16, p. 270.
 
—— United Nations Global Compact.
 
—— World Bank Institute: Business Fighting Corruption.
 
51 Transparency International, Integrity Pacts http://www.transparency.org/tools/contracting.
 
Transparency International, United Nations Human Settlements Programme, Tools to Support Transparency in Local Governance (Kenya and Berlin: 2004).
 
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, The Global Programme against Corruption – UN Anti-Corruption Toolkit, 3rd edition
(Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2004).