01-10-2011 12:00 AM - عدد القراءات : 21783
كتب elhossien mahmoud
Form of favouritism based on acquaintances and familiar relationships whereby someone in an official position exploits his or her power and authority to provide a job or favour to a family member, even though he or she may not be qualified or deserving. Also see ‘clientelism’.45

Example in practice
In the European Commission, one of the most sensational cases of corruption involved allegations that the Commissioner of Research and Education from 1995-1999, Edith Cresson, a former French primeminister, used nepotism in hiring her dentist to produce reports on AIDS research, although he lackedany background or qualifications for the position.46
Relevant links
—— Global Security: Afghanistan: Nepotism, Cronyism Widespread in Government
—— Transparency International: Global Corruption Report 2007
—— USA Today: Don’t Let Jobs Grow on Family Trees
45 USAID, TATWEER Anti-Corruption Glossary
United Nations Development Programme, Tackling Corruption, Transforming Lives: Accelerating Human Development in the Asia and the Pacific (New Delhi: Macmillan, 2008).
46 See: Kelly Li, “Recommendations for the Curbing of Corruption, Cronyism, Nepotism and Fraud in the European Commission”, Boston College International & Comparative Law Review, vol, 24: 1 (2000).