29-09-2011 02:59 AM - عدد القراءات : 2541
كتب by Transparency International
A secret agreement between parties, in the public and/or private sector, to conspire to commit actions aimed to deceive or commit fraud.16

Example in practice
The Ghanaian government has been accused of colluding with logging companies to allow them to operate without the proper licensing and certification standards, resulting in civil society estimates that only 5 of the 600 logging concessions in the country are legal.17
Relevant links
—— European Investment Bank.
—— OECD: Glossary of Statistical Terms.
—— US Department of Justice.
16 Independent Commission against Corruption. New South Wales government.
17 Ghana: State Collusion Breeds Corruption in Timber Sector.