Bribery

28-09-2011 03:26 PM - عدد القراءات : 3235
كتب Transparency International
The offering, promising, giving, accepting or soliciting of an advantage as an inducement for an action which is illegal or a breach of trust. Inducements can take the form of gifts, loans, fees, rewards or other advantages (taxes, services, donations, etc.).8

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Example in practice
 
More than 15 percent of respondents to a national household survey in Guatemala said they have paid a bribe when trying to (re)connect to the public water system.9 In Bangladesh, 64,5 percent of respondents to a national household survey said they have paid a bribe when interacting with law enforcement agencies. Bribery across all agencies is estimated to reduce Bangladesh’s national income by 3.84 percent.10
 
Relevant links
 
—— OECD Anti-Bribery Convention.
 
—— OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions.
 
——Transparency International Bribe Payers Index.
 
——Transparency International’s Business Principles for Countering Bribery.
 
 
Transparency International, Combating Corruption in Judicial Systems
 
United Nations Development Programme, Tackling Corruption, Transforming Lives: Accelerating Human Development in the Asia and the Pacific (New Delhi: Macmillan, 2008).
 
The Lebanese Transparency Association (LTA), ‘Youth against Corruption’, (Lebanon, 2005).
 
Black’s Law Dictionary http://www.blackslawdictionary.com/
 
9 Transparency International, Global Corruption Report 2008 – Corruption in the Water Sector (Berlin: Transparency International, 2008).
 
10 TI Bangladesh, National Household Survey on Corruption in Bangladesh (Dhaka : TI Bangladesh, 2007). www.tibangladesh.org.